What is Ramadan?
Ramadan is the most auspicious month for Muslims. Muslims throughout the world observe fasting on this month.
Ramadan is the 9th month of the Islamic calendar. The term ‘Ramadan’ means scorching heat or dryness. It is derived from Arabic word Ramida or Ar-Ramada.
Why Ramadan is observed? - First Revelation of Quran.
There are many interesting facts associated with Ramadan. We all know Ramadan is associated with fasting. The Ramadan fasting is observed to commemorate the first revelation of Quran to Muhammad. The month of Ramadan is believed to be the month in which most of the holy scriptures are sent to humanity. It is the time for prayer and self purification.
Days of Fast.
Lunar calendar is followed by Muslims all over the world. Unlike the Gregorian calendar, the lunar calendar has 11 days less. It lags behind the solar calendar. Ramadan fast is observed for 29 to 30 days and it starts before sunrise and ends after sunset.
Significance of Ramadan.
Fasting in Ramadan is one of the main acts to be a true believer. The other being Shahada:belief, Salat : Prayer , Zakāt: Charity, Hajj: Pilgrimage to Mecca. Ramadan month is considered as a time to involve in deep prayers. It is a month fully dedicated for rejuvenating mind and soul. It is observed annually. Ramadan month is totally dedicated for evaluating and cleansing physical and spiritual aspects of a human being.
It gives a new life to the inner self. Ramadan fasting is a spiritual journey. It is abstaining oneself from temptations. It is about being pure and getting detached from the worldly attachment. At the same time it is not a total denial of basic needs.
Ramadan fast is not only about refraining from eating and it is also about keeping body clean. Fasting is a complete control over body and mind. During Ramadan thoughts like jealousy, violence and other negative thoughts should not be entertained. Intimate physical relations should be avoided. Fasting is not about control over food but also about monitoring thoughts.
Ramadan fasting is also a reminder of the kind of life we live. It is a time to experience the hunger and thirst of poor , who are deprived of the basic needs. It is in every way a realisation of inner self and outer world. Only during this period of fasting a normal person with enough food will understand the fortune he enjoys every day.
How it is observed?
During Ramadan time family gather early in the morning ( around 4 A.M) and have their food together. the pre-dawn food is called Suhoor
Food has to be taken before the first Morning Prayer and after that prayer has to be observed.
After that food should not be taken till the sun set.
During this period Muslims observe 5 times Namaz - Subhah, Duhar, Azar, Maghrib and Isha with utmost sincerity.
On hearing Maghrib prayer , fast can be broken. Maghrib is the prayer during sunset.
Iftar is the food that is consumed to break the fast.
Iftar is followed by Isha prayer.
After isha there is a special prayer during this Ramadan season, Taraweeh. Taraweeh is a long prayer.
Don'ts during Ramadan fasting.
There are many things from which a person observing fast should abstain from.
Smoking should be avoided.
Fasting person should be calm and behave well
Muslims are expected not to involve in music and dance
Should not chew gums and those who are not observing fast should not eat in public
Old persons are exempted from fasting.
Sick persons and those who are on medication need not to fast.
Pregnant and nursing ladies should not fast.
Menstruating women are also exempted from fasting. If bleeding occurs during fasting, women can break their fast.
Persons who are travelling should avoid fasting.
Ramadan eve is special and it is celebrated worldwide. It is a month of prayer. Self purification is the main way to bring peace and happiness to humanity. It is through individual that whole humanity can progress. Ramadan fasting stand for self realisation and self purification. It is for the goodness of world. Ramadan month is divine for the concepts it stands for. It is for the collective goodness of the society everyone should work and do his part. That is the meaning of Ramadan fast.
Ramadan eve is special and it is celebrated worldwide. It is a month of prayer. Self-purification is the main way to bring peace and happiness to humanity. It is through the individuals that whole humanity can progress. Ramadan fasting stands for self-realisation and self-purification. It is for the goodness of the world. Ramadan month is divine for the concepts it stands for. It is for the collective goodness of the society everyone should work and do his part. That is the meaning of Ramadan fast.
Each and every religion has its own distinguished ways of observing their religious practices. Previously the main principles of religion and the ways of practicing are known only to those who practise that particular religion. In this world of knowledge and digital revolution, knowledge has become accessible to all. Those who are interested in knowing more about religion can access through various means.
One such means for accessing the authentic knowledge about Islam directly from Quran is through Q- Pen. Q-pen is a special product designed to make Quran accessible and understandable to many. Q-pen has a pen which enables one to read Quran in Arabic and in 15 other languages. So even a person who can't read Arabic can understand the thoughts and meaning directly from Quran.